Nepal is the home to the eight highest mountains out of fourteen (above 8000 meters) in the world which includes the tallest mountain in the world, Mt. Everest. The terraced farmlands, luscious green forests, rich bio-diversity, cool waterfalls and warm Nepalese hospitality make the country a paradise on the earth. Trekking in Nepal is truly a divine experience with the most astonishing mountain views, diverse terrain, rich flora and fauna, and exposure to the harmoniously existing diverse culture. The stunning views of the grand Himalayas are what most trekkers desire from trekking in Nepal. But Nepal has more to offer than just the amazing mountain views. Along with the amazing views of the mountains, hills and rivers, the Himalayas is an incredibly diverse region, culturally. Trekking in Nepal is an incredible experience for those who want to combine great walking with gaining an insight into how people live in such an extraordinary region. Trekking and Hiking in the Himalayan terrain is the ultimate opportunity for intrepid explorers who are in a pursuit of adventure in the Himalayas.
Best Regions to Trek in Nepal:
Everest region flaunts the worlds tallest mountains along with the other beautiful peaks like Amadablam, Nuptse, Lhotse, Island Peak etc. Everest Region offers a wide a variety of trekking options ranging from the famous Everest Base Camp Trek to trekking to some of the most remote areas in the world. The trek to Everest Region is famous for its majestic mountain peaks, vast glaciers, and razor sharp ridge lines of the Everest Himalayas. The landscape of the region, mostly comprises rugged terrain with deep gorges, glaciers and huge rocks. The region is mostly inhabited by the Sherpa people whose culture is largely influenced by the Tibetan Buddhism. The numerous monasteries in the region are a great way to explore the spiritual perspective of the region. The Everest Region is a great combination of glorious mountain scenery, rich culture and spirituality and hiking in this region is both fun and insightful.
The Annapurna Region, widely recognized as a naturalist’s paradise, in northwestern Nepal has been well-known as having the world’s best trekking routes. Annapurna regions cover a wide range of cultural and geographical varieties and showcases every little aspect of the region’s natural and cultural prosperity. The Annapurna trekking region consists of peaks Annapurna I, II, III, IV, Mt. Dhaulagiri, Machhapuchhre and several other peaks. Due to the extremes of elevation the region contains an extraordinary diversity of flora; from sub-tropical lowland forests of oak, bamboo and rhododendron in the south to the high alpine meadows and windswept desert plateaus in the north, bordering Tibet. Green paddy fields, forests, hot springs, glacial areas, ethnic diversity, rich flora and fauna are some of the main attractions of the Annapurna region.
The Langtang Valley is a beautiful alpine region to the North of Kathmandu bordering Tibet. Langtang, also known as the valley of glaciers, is one of the nearest trekking regions from the capital Kathmandu. The region is an unparalleled combination of natural beauty and culture. Apart from the spectacular scenery, Langatang offers opportunity to explore the culture and lifestyle of the Tamang Community, who are renowned for their craftsmanship. The forests in the region have temperate and sub-alpine vegetation. In summer each year, the valley floor and alpine slopes of Langtang region bloom abundant with beautiful wild alpine flowers. The region offers thrilling passes, superb mountain views, serene high altitude lakes, picturesque villages, impressive display of wild flowers, an abundance of wildlife and Monasteries. The region is definitely a great way to explore cultural and natural diversity while trekking in Nepal.
The Manaslu Circuit Trekking is known for its rich Eco diversity which includes nineteen different types of forests. Manaslu Circuit Trek was only officially opened from 1991 onwards for trekkers and still requires a special permit to trek. The region offers a combination of rich cultural heritages, unsurpassed natural beauty and bio-diversity. The region exhibits outstanding panoramas of the peaks on the Nepal-Tibet border. The journey to this high altitude valley of pristine Himalayan ranges is definitely alluring to anybody who is looking for an audacious trekking experience in Nepal.
Well, it is easy. Tribhuvan International Airport, the only international airport in Nepal, has flights connecting various major cities in the world. There are frequent flights from over 30 airline companies for connecting Kathmandu with the cities like Hongkong, Bangkok, Singapore, Kualalampur, Seoul, Dhaka, Delhi, Mumbai, Abu Dhabi etc.
Trekking in Nepal Cost :
The cost of trekking in Nepal varies according to the choice of destination, choice of activities during the trek, and the total length of the trek. For more information about the cost for various treks please contact us.
The Foreigner who intends to visit Nepal must hold valid passport or any travel document equivalent to passport issued by the Government of their respective countries prior to applying for a visa. No foreigner is entitled to enter into and stay in the FDR of Nepal without valid visa. Tourist entry visa can be obtained for different durations from Nepalese Embassy or Consulate or other mission offices or immigration offices located on entry points in Nepal. Chinese citizen are requested to apply in Nepalese Embassy or other Nepalese diplomatic missions as there is no provision of on arrival visa for them.
The Himalayas are subject to a complex weather pattern that even experienced travelers can find themselves caught out. Although the best trekking season can vary according to the destination wished to be travelled, generally there are four distinct seasons with their own attractions.
Autumn (Mid Sep to Mid Dec) is considered the best time to go for trekking in Nepal. By this time the monsoon rains have cleared the sky of dust and the views are often spectacular.
Winter (Mid Dec to Mid Feb) is still good for clear skies, but the weather can get freezing cold.
Spring (Mid Feb to Mid June) is the second best season for the trekkers as the temperature gets warmer, but visibility of the mountain views may sometimes get hazy by the dust in the air. May and June are very warm season, but the mountain views are obscured by the dust.
Monsoon (Late June to Mid Sep) is a monsoon season and the least popular time to go trekking in Nepal. This is the favorite season to trek in the arid rain shadow areas like Upper Mustang, Dolpo and all the stunning Tibet Treks and Tours.
What to carry while trekking in Nepal?
A light Bag Pack:
Lighter the bag pack easier it will be for you to trek. With every passing day and increasing altitude even an additional gram of weight feels like a load. But this doesn’t imply that you should overlook out the essentials necessary for the trek. Opt for Travel sized toiletries with sunscreen, toilet papers, lip balm, wet wipes and travel towel. It is beneficial to take in a good bag cover and a raincoat for the possible rain shower.
You do not need to carry a lot of gadgets during your trek. A small flashlight, a camera, spare batteries may seem enough in normal situation. Swiss Army knives and a lighter may come handy. Always carry spare charged up batteries for everything as electricity is sparse on the rooftop of the world. If you are planning to get a documentary filmed, it’s always better to hire a porter to carry your equipment required. You can carry a cell phone with local SIM card. Although you may not always catch a connection with the cell phone when you are exploring one of the remotest parts of the world, but if you can, you will be glad to have brought it along. Bring a map, compass and potentially a GPS so that you always know your location. These things are very essential to make trekking safe. You may forget the direction and compass will act as an angel in the situation.
Most of the famous trekking routes in Nepal do not need trekker’s permit. However, conservation permit or National park permits are required for the region in a conservation area or a national park. There are few restricted trekking areas in Nepal, where trekking permits are required. Trekking in any area will require you to have an information Management System (TIMS) Card. Every trekker has to necessarily obtain a Trekking Registration Certificate (TRC) document before they visit the Open Trekking Areas of Nepal. You can carry fewer spare passport size photographs for preparing your permits.
It is always beneficial to layer your clothing as the temperature may fluctuate vastly within a day’s travel. It gets colder as you go higher, so pack some warm multi function clothing that is easy and light to carry. It is advisable to avoid denims and jackets which are heavy and take lots of time to dry. It is better to avoid cotton and take neoprene or nylon clothes. Make sure to have a fleece and some warm layers for underneath. Remote villages of Nepal are still conservative with clothes, and your reception by locals can vary greatly in the way you dress. It is always a good idea to dress modestly. Comfy shoes are one of the most essentials for your trekking. Get a pair of shoes that are sturdy and infallibly comfortable. Make sure you break in the shoes several weeks before you take it for your trek.
Trekking in Nepal is a relatively safe activity and mishaps or problems are usually minor. Occasional thefts or extortion does happen. For your personal safety, do not carry expensive gadgets when travelling; avoid wearing jewelries and other extravagant wears. It is best to keep money and your copies of important documents in more one place. Always abide by the laws and regulations of the situation for the trouble-free enjoyable trek.
Trek alone or with a guide?
Although the idea of trekking alone sounds very enticing and adventurous, deciding to trek alone deserves a second thought. It may generally be considered safe to trek alone on popular trek routes. But Teaming up is always a better option as the mountain is always filled with unexpected. Even the most detailed maps tend to be unreliable in some remote areas, so if you are a first time trekker it is always best to hire an experienced local guide. A guide can help you with trekking routes, accommodation, information about the surrounding landscapes, and translation.
It is really important to stay healthy during the entire trek. The following may help you to stay healthy and safe during your trek.
First Aid kit:
It is imperative to make a comprehensive First Aid kit consisting of medication, basic drugs and accessories as part of the paraphernalia for trekking. Various trekking guide books published by the Himalayan Rescue Association give detailed info on a complete list of medical supplies needed. These guidebooks are easily available in the bookshops in Kathmandu.
Pace your time:
Altitude Sickness: Altitude sickness is a common ailment above 2,500 meters if you ascend too quickly. ‘Short steps, deep breaths’ is a mantra for trek in high altitude, particularly when ascending steep passes or completing long uphill stretches. Moving slowly while enjoying the spectacular view helps your body to adjust to the thin air of the mountains. Generally it is not recommended to ascend more than 3500 m per day .Watch for signs of altitude sickness and bring a supply of the medication Diamox for treatment. If symptoms persist, it is always best to descend.
The sun in the high altitude is harsh, so use a good sunscreen and reapply regularly. Wear long-sleeved tops, long pants and a light scarf or you may get blisters. Snow glasses may be necessary if you are trekking during winter.
Most toilets during the trek is usually squat toilets except for the ones in the major cities like Kathmandu and Pokhara. Get used to squatting and carry plenty of toilet paper as it may not be so easily available in the rural areas.
Food on a trek:
All guest houses serve food. Most guest houses make their money on food and not accommodation, thus it is expected for you to eat where you stay. The food ranges from the national staple of Dal Bhat, to steak & chips. The snack bars and cookies may be available too, but prices for food goes up as you travel up to more remote places. It is better to avoid meat as you go to places with no killing policy. Stay away from alcohol, especially while ascending as it will dehydrate you and increases your chances of altitude sickness.
It is easy to be dehydrated as you sweat your way through ups and downs, so always drink plenty of water even if it is cold and you are not thirsty. You may be prone to suffer from diarrhea and stomach ache due to consuming contaminated water. Never drink water or ice if you aren’t sure it has been purified. Bottled water is available everywhere in the popular trek routes. The other option may be to carry water purification iodine tablets. It is recommended to carry water bottles or a large hydration bladder that can be refilled.
Respect the environment:
Since Himalayan Eco treks support the responsible trekking, it is very important for us that the places we visit are taken care. Be a responsible trekker and be careful while you discard anything in the beautiful environment. Be very cautious of what you dispose in the environment. Don’t start wood fires or pollute water sources as even the smallest careless actions can be disastrous for local ecosystems and people. Avoid the use of non-biodegradable items as much as possible. Your attempts to burn oddments and carry out the not burnable ones will be a great help in the efforts to conserve the environment.
Cultural Information and smile:
It is always good to get information about the local culture and people of the villages you will be visiting during the trek. Nepali and Tibetan are spoken in the northern Nepal, so a friendly “Namaste” or “Tashidele” with your million dollar smile is always appreciated.
In case of an Emergency and travel insurance:
In case of serious illness or injury, prompt evacuation to Kathmandu is the best remedy. Sometime if there is an emergency incident a helicopter will be called to the spot. A helicopter evacuation is very costly, and generally a guarantee for payment is required before the helicopter actually takes off. It is recommended for trekkers do travel insurance covering helicopter rescue and medication. It is always advisable to register yourself with your embassy.
Trekking in Nepal can be an amazing experience. Following the above guidelines and information will help you have the most out of your trek in this beautiful land Nepal. Hope you have the most comfortable and memorable trek in Nepal.